What is the official name of Nigeria? The haze is as a result of the dust within the airmass limiting visibility and blocking much of the sun's rays from reaching the earth. Nigeria: Four Regions at the Time of Independence As Nigeria preparded for independence, the British worked out an arrangement which divided Nigeria into four regions. It is the 2,419 m high Chappal Waddi. Temperate weather conditions occur on the highlands along the Nigeria Cameroon border, in the eastern part of Nigeria. The map above is a political map of the world centered on Europe and Africa. Nigeria Maps of the World - Interactive World Fact Book - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, … We now present an updated map of the continued fighting and attacks following the rebels' apparent loss of any significant territorial control. The northward retreat of the tropical continental airmass (CT), is caused by the sun's northward shift from the tropic of capricorn in the southern hemisphere to the tropic of cancer in the northern hemisphere. The mass has no ability of forming rain due to low humidity within the airmass, since it crosses the Sahara Desert, it picks up dust instead of water thereby creating little chances for rainfall. The sun's rays enters into the atmosphere of Nigeria more intense than it does during the presence of the Tropical continental airmass, which contained dust (in form of haze) that reduced the intensity of the sun. Some northern states have incorporated Sharia law into their previously secular legal systems, which has brought about some controversy. Regional Directory of AustraliaInformation and guide about Australia and websites with Australian topics. Regional Directory of United States of AmericaInformation and guide about United States of America and websites with American topics. Fresh water swamps gradually supersede the mangrove on the landward side. The Tropical monsoon climate has a very small temperature range. ... References. These are the dry season and the rainy season. These include Libya, Chad, and Nigeria to the northeast, east, and south, respectively. Nigeria has distinctive regions including plains, swamps, deserts, mountains, and jungles. In the middle of the dry season around December, a dusty wind from the Sahara Desert called the Harmattan enters Nigeria from the northeastern part of the country blocking sun rays partially from shining and also creating haze in the atmosphere, this activities of the wind lowers temperatures considerably saving inhabitants for sometime, from the scorching heat that would have occurred as a result of clearer skies during the dry season. The Hausa-Fulani were dominant in the north, the Yoruba in the west and the Igbo in the east. Contents. Temperatures are above 18 °C (64 °F) throughout the year. Its coast lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the south and it borders Lake Chad to the northeast. pone.0140021.g001: Map of Nigeria showing the 6 geo-political zones, 36 states and federal capita territory (adapted from [11]. Nigeria is a country with six (6) geopolitical zones created during the regime of President Ibrahim Babaginda. Rainfall in the coastal belt of the Niger Delta is heavy due to the closeness of the Delta region to the equator. The first rainy season begins around March and last to the end of July with a peak in June, this rainy season is followed by a short dry break in August known as the August break which is a short dry season lasting for two to three weeks in August. Nigeria - Geographical Names, map, geographic coordinates. Temperatures in Nigeria vary according to the seasons of the year as with other lands found in the tropics. The southern Atlantic coast is bordered by mangrove forests and swamps. The Tropical continental airmass (CT) begins to retreat northwards to the Sahara Desert due to massive heating of the land which transfers heat in the form of convection into the Tropical continental airmass (CT) which constitutes the main layer of air above the land. Facts on world and country flags, maps, geography, history, statistics, disasters current events, and international relations. Due to its geographic location, the country has many faces: lowlands and mountains, arid plains and lush mangroves. Benue and the Niger are the two main rivers of Nigeria Alpine climate or highland climate or mountain climate are found on highlands regions in Nigeria. Its invasion is as a result of the northward retreat, of the tropical continental airmass (CT) known as the harmattan. Highlands with the alpine climate in Nigeria, are well over 1,520 metres (4,987 ft) above sea level. Abuja was Nigeria’s first planned city, its location chosen in part for its centrality, pleasant climate, and low population density and the availability of land for future expansion. which are considered to be the most influential and the Nigeria is a West African country comprising 36 states and a Federal Capital Territory in Abuja. SOURCE: National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Bethesda, MD, USA The annual rainfall received in this region is very high, usually above the 2,000 mm (78.7 in) rainfall totals giving for tropical rainforest climates worldwide. Nigeria is a West African country comprising 36 states and a Federal Capital Territory in Abuja. Nigeria has 530 miles of coastline that’s limited by the borders of Benin in the west and the border of Cameroon in the south. Nigeria is affected by four climate types; these climate types are distinguishable, as one moves from the southern part of Nigeria to the northern part of Nigeria through Nigeria's middle belt. Semi temperate weather conditions prevail on the highlands in central Nigeria above 1,200 metres (3,937 ft) above sea level, namely the Jos Plateau. There are also Ahmadiyya and Mahdiyya minorities. Google Map of Nigeria What are the geographical coordinates of Nigeria? The nature of this waves changes at about the 15 degrees line. The Tropical Continental Airmass (CT) locally known as the Harmattan, is a wind originating from North Africa which crosses the Sahara Desert into west Africa to Nigeria. Hundreds of languages are spoken in the country, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, Tiv, and English. Geography of Nigeria. Taiwo Olowo’s Monument [13], The savannah zone's three categories are divided into mm' Guinean forest-savanna mosaic, made up of plains of tall grass which are interrupted by trees, the most common across the country; Sudan savannah, similar but with shorter grasses and shorter trees; and Sahel savannah patches of grass and sand, found in the northeast.[13]. Numerous sandy islands occur with fresh water vegetation. But with the withdrawal of this wind around March to April following the onset of the rainy season, temperatures can go as high as 44 °C (111.2 °F) in some parts of Nigeria.[11]. Nigeria is not only large in area—larger than the U.S. state of Texas—but also Africa ’s … The swamps are vegetated tidal flats formed by a reticulate pattern of interconnected meandering creeks and tributaries of the Niger River. In the southeast, it also shares a border with the breakaway state of Ambazonia. Nigeria shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. 2: The Coastlands of Guinea . The whole of West Africa is heated intensely as result of the increased insolation received from the sun being overhead over west Africa. It is a vast land, from diversity of people and languages to its natural resources. Nigeria shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, Niger in the north, and borders the Gulf of Guinea with the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe and Equatorial Guinea in the south. The longitude specifies the east-west position measured from a reference meridian (usually the Greenwich Prime Meridian). The middle belt of Nigeria contains the most of the minority ethnic groups in Nigeria and they are mostly Christians and members of traditional religions with few Muslim converts. The tropical maritime airmass (MT) is responsible for Nigeria's rainy season. This wind (the tropical maritime airmass) invades the country from February in the southern part of Nigeria while it takes longer for the wind to fully cover the whole of the country, reaching the northern part of Nigeria in June. Lagos Island is believed to be the home of most of the noteworthy landmarks in the Nigerian Map. The rest of the southeast receives between 2,000 and 3,000 mm (118.1 in) of rain per year. A significant Shia minority exists (see Shia in Nigeria). This transfer of heat in the Tropical continental airmass (CT) in turn, causes the wind to expand and become lighter as this is the normal behaviour for winds moving above intensely heated grounds. Most of Nigeria's Christians are Protestant (broadly defined) though about a quarter are Catholic. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags. (The latter is the least common, and is mainly found in the mountains near the Cameroon border.) states. Nigeria, country located on the western coast of Africa. About 70% of Nigeria's crude oil and gas production is from the area. Niger Delta cities and their annually rainfall totals in millimeters: Nigeria is covered by three types of vegetation: forests (where there is significant tree cover), savannahs (insignificant tree cover, with grasses and flowers located between trees), and montane land. It is one of the world's largest arcuate fan-shaped river deltas. Nigeria's most expansive topographical region is that of the valleys of the Niger and Benue River valleys (which merge into each other and form a "y" shaped confluence at Lokoja). Due to their location in the tropics, this elevation is high enough to reach the temperate climate line in the tropics thereby giving the highlands, mountains and the plateau regions standing above this height, a cool mountain climate. Around 1400, the Yoruba kingdom of Oyo was founded in the southwest and reach its height from the 17th to the 19th century. Chappal Waddi above 2,000 m (6,562 ft). The ending of the short rainy season in October is followed by long dry season. The single dry season experienced in this climate, the tropical savanna climate in central Nigeria beginning from December to March, is hot and dry with the Harmattan wind, a continental tropical (CT) airmass laden with dust from the Sahara Desert prevailing throughout this period. Highlands in these region attain an average height of more than 1,524 m (5,000 ft) to some standing above 2,000 metres (6,562 ft) above sea level. Differences in land elevations relative to the sea level are represented by color. [12] Plains rise to the north of the valleys. To the southwest of the Niger is "rugged" highland. The location map of Nigeria below highlights the geographical position of Nigeria within Africa on the world map. Abuja, city, capital of Nigeria. Nigeria is located in western Africa. The Niger at Onitsha 53 67 Relief and Drainage of the North Central High Plains 157 LS 25 Physical Regions of the Niger Delta 68 The Anchau Tset... 158 Morphology of the Eastern Delta 58 69 Settlement Types in the Zaria District This low pressure zone attracts the Tropical Maritime Airmass (MT) from the south Atlantic Ocean since areas of low pressures experiences inward blowing winds because winds are moving air blowing outwards from regions of high pressure to regions of low pressure. Infoplease is the world's largest free reference site. Nigeria is a country in West Africa. Temperatures in the northern part of Nigeria can go as high as 48 °C (118.4 °F) in cities like Maiduguri.[7]. As visible on the physical map above, large parts of Niger is covered by the Sahara Desert. -South east : Presence of large market in this region boosts the rate of development there. This break is broken by the short rainy season starting around early September and lasting to mid October with a peak period at the end of September. The Tropical continental airmass (CT) from the Sahara Desert in the northern part of west Africa, is weakened due to the overheating of the land surface in west Africa and Nigeria at this time. West Africa comes directly under the sun at this time. Convectional currents are easily set up within the airmass whenever there is little instability in the airmass as a result of a slight to a very high orographic uplift in mountainous regions like the obudu plateau or the heating of the land which can trigger the formation of cumulonimbus cloud leading to thunderstorms within the airmass. Nigeria is of significant importance in the world because of its extraordinary geographical location, unique cultural architecture; stunning scenery, friendly inhabitants and vigorous nightlife that … These two major wind systems in Nigeria are known as the trade winds. Geographical Features: FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA: Nigeria has an area of 923,768.00 sq kilometres and lies between latitude 40 and 140 North of the equator and longitudes 30 and 140 East of the greenwich meridian. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. FIG PAGE FIG PAGE 1 The Relief and Drainage of Nigeria 2 44 Relief and Drainage of Southwestern Nigeria 1ΟΙ . The vast majority of Muslims in Nigeria are Sunni, belonging to Maliki school of jurisprudence; however, a sizeable minority also belongs to Shafi madhhab. Some examples of these are the Zuma rock, Gurara Falls, and the stunning Owu Falls. This place is situated in Mainland, Lagos, Nigeria, its geographical coordinates are 6° 34' 0" North, 3° 36' 0" East and its original name (with diacritics) is Ijede. Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. you will find Cameroon, Benin Republic, Niger republic and the republic of Chad. However, the state contains the largest urban area in Nigeria, the City of Lagos. Nigeria is considered to be the 32nd largest country in Nigeria is a country located on the western coast of Africa, often called the "Giant of Africa". The major highlands in this region are the Obudu Plateau above 1,584 m (5,197 ft), Mambilla Plateau above 1,524 m (5,000 ft) and Mt. Nigeria Maps of the World - Interactive World Fact Book - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, … It is a landlocked nation located in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. In the southeast, it also shares a border with the breakaway state of Ambazonia. the world and its size is more or less like the size of North of this is fresh water swamp, containing different vegetation from the salt water mangrove swamps, and north of that is rain forest. This shift begins from February and ends in June, when the sun is fully overhead, at the tropic of cancer in the northern hemisphere. The earliest cities in Nigeria were the northern cities of Kano and Katsina that started around 1000 C.E. The lower course of the Niger River flows south through the western part of the country into the Gulf of Guinea. The location map of Nigeria combines two projections: the orthographic azimuthal projection for the globe and the simple geographic projection for the rectangular part of the map. The position of Nigeria's highest point has been marked. -South east : Presence of large market in this region boosts the rate of development there. Below is the map of Nigeria that also showcases other African countries that shares a common boundary with Nigeria. Description: Detailed large political map of Nigeria showing names of capital cities, towns, states, provinces and boundaries with neighbouring countries. The Ngo, M. B. E. "Human Rights Issues in Cameroon in the Case of the Independentists Arrested in Nigeria and Extradited to Cameroon." it consists of a Federal Capital Territory and 36 The Tropical continental airmass is dusty and creates a haze within the atmosphere of west Africa and Nigeria when it predominates. The geographic coordinate system enables any place in the world to be located using its latitude and longitude. Current City Map of Nigeria. The capital is Abuja. Federal Republic of Nigeria, or Nigeria as it is Nigeria's seasons are determined by rainfall with rainy season and dry season being the major seasons in Nigeria. -South south : home to important place in Nigeria like Port Harcourt, calabar ( the best tourist site in Nigeria) and the region produces the states with the highest amount of IGR. Lagos State is the smallest state in Nigeria, with a total land area of 3,475 square kilometres (1,342 square miles). Human Rights Issues in Cameroon in the Case of the Independentists Arrested in Nigeria and Extradited to Cameroon (October 21, 2019) (2019). Having a common and agreed set of data is essential in terms of reporting and mapping all activities in … The six geopolitical zones in Nigeria were created during the military regime of President Ibrahim Babangida.Nigeria’s economic, political and educational resources are often shared across the zones. Nigeria is bordered to the north by Niger, to the east by Chad and Cameroon, to the south by the Gulf of Guinea of the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west by Benin. Coastal plains are found in both the southwest and the southeast. The southern region of Nigeria experiences a double rainfall maxima characterised by two high rainfall peaks, with a short dry season and a longer dry season falling between and after each peaks. Using this free map quiz game, you can learn about Nigeria and 54 other African countries. Nigeria has more than 200 miles of coastal waters that stretch out into the Atlantic Ocean. Most Sufis follow the Qadiriyya, Tijaniyyah or Mouride movement. However, the state contains the largest urban area in Nigeria, the City of Lagos. [8] The overheating of the west Africa land mass and Nigeria in particular creates a low pressure region over west Africa and Nigeria. Longitude: 8º00´ East of Greenwich Meridian. With a population of over 170 million and growing, Nigeria is the largest of the countries. Map of Nigeria Showing the 36 States See Ijede photos and images from satellite below, explore the aerial photographs of Ijede in Nigeria. Nigeria Map - Physical Map of Nigeria. Geography Nigeria, one-third larger than Texas and the most populous country in Africa, is situated on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. Both the forest zone and the savannah zone are divided into three parts. The Niger Delta is located in the southern part of Nigeria. In the rainy season it is damp, and the rainfalls are usually abundant. The capital of Biafra was Enugu in the southeast while the northern capital was Kaduna. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Nigeria's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. This is entirely within the tropical zone. During this northward migration of the sun as a result of the earth tilting along its axis, the sun crosses the equator (around March), moving over west Africa at this time on its journey to the northern hemisphere. Lagos, the capital of Nigeria, is located on the Atlantic coast of the country. Noted geographical features in Nigeria include the Adamawa highlands, History of Nigeria . © 2015 Ezilon.com Regional Maps. Nigerian economic, political, and educational resources are often shared across the zones. Zoom Map. The Tropical continental airmass (CT) loses its strength as a major airmass in the region of west Africa and over Nigeria at this time (around February in the southern part of Nigeria to June in northern Nigeria) and begins to retreat coupled with the rising of air in form of convection within this airmass (Tropical continental airmass (CT)), further weakening the dominance of the wind over west Africa and Nigeria. Temperatures on the Jos plateau ranges between 16 °C to 25 °C which are cool all year round. The sun shines through the atmosphere with little obstructions from the clear skies making the dry season in Nigeria a period of warm weather conditions. The riverine area of the Niger Delta is a coastal belt of swamps bordering the Atlantic ocean. It lies in the central part of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), which was created in 1976. [13], Some of the forest zone's most southerly portion, especially around the Niger River and Cross River deltas, is mangrove swamp (see Central African mangroves). AHA Site Map. Nigeria, officially known as the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country that is located on the western coast of Africa. Nigeria's most expansive topographical region is that of the valleys of the Niger and Benue river valleys (which merge into each other and form a Y-shape). Regional Directory of United States of America. Nigeria shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. The people from Nigeria are called Nigerians. Seven countries border Niger. Nigeria is divided into six geopolitical zones which consist of states with close geographical location, similar history, cultures and political ideologies.. The landlocked West African country of Niger occupies an area of 1,267,000 sq. This climate, the tropical savanna climate exhibits a well marked rainy season and a dry season with a single peak known as the summer maximum due to its distance from the equator. However, there are also Natural Landmarks that are absolutely beautiful in Nigeria. Huge deposits of natural oil and gas are the most important physical features of Nigeria, which make it one of the biggest players in the whole world. The Tropical Maritime Airmass is a warm humid and unstable trade wind due to its warmth. Physical map illustrates the mountains, lowlands, oceans, lakes and rivers and other physical landscape features of Nigeria. The six zones was not entirely carved out based on geographic location, but rather states with similar ethnic groups, and/or common political history were classified in the same zone. If you are interested in Nigeria and the geography of Africa our large laminated map of Africa might be just what you need. Burma (Myanmar) Suriname Absolute maximum temperature Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) It has a land mass of approximately 500 square kilometers and shares a border with Abakalik The majority of Quranists follow the Kalo Kato or Quraniyyun movement. This is a list of the extreme points of Nigeria, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. Physical Geography of West Africa The 8 million square kilometers and 17 countries covered by this atlas encompass a wide range of landscapes from alluvial valleys in Senegal and Ghana, sandy plains and low plateaus across the Sahel, and rolling hills of Togo to rugged mountains with summits reaching over 1,500 m in Guinea and 1,800 m in Niger. The southern part of Nigeria experiences heavy and abundant rainfall. Nigeria is located in western Africa. Niger is West Africa's largest country. The country features 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, which is known as Abuja.The country of Nigeria features over five hundred different ethnic groups, many different languages, and declared its independence from the United Kingdom on October 1, 1960. 12: The three ethnic groups in this country, Potiskum, Yobe State in the northeast of Nigeria recorded Nigeria’s lowest ever temperature of 2.8 °C (37.0 °F). But afternoons in the rainy season can be hot and humid, a feature of tropical climates. The Below is the list of geopolitical zones with their states. Contents List of Geopolitical Zones In Nigeria And Their StatesNORTH WEST GEOPOLITICAL ZONENORTH EAST GEOPOLITICAL ZONENORTH CENTRAL GEOPOLITICAL ZONESOUTH WEST … ___ Administrative Map of Nigeria Nigeria is a country on the coast of West Africa, bordered in south by the Bight of Benin and the Bight of Biafra (Bight of Bonny), both part of the Gulf of Guinea, by Niger in north, Benin in west, Cameroon in south east, and by Chad in north east by a boundary across Lake Chad. The rest of the year is hot and dry with temperatures climbing as high as 40 °C (104.0 °F) . Find out where is Nigeria located. Illustrating the geographical features of Nigeria. Nigeria is a country on the coast of West Africa, bordered in south by the Bight of Benin and the Bight of Biafra (Bight of Bonny), both part of the Gulf of Guinea, by Niger in north, Benin in west, Cameroon in south east, and by Chad in north east by a boundary across Lake Chad. [1] Noted geographical features in Nigeria include the Adamawa highlands, Mambilla Plateau, Jos Plateau, Obudu Plateau, the Niger River, River Benue and Niger Delta. The waves that pass south of this line carry moisture and create convection that leads to rain clouds. commonly referred to as, lies in the west of Africa and Ijede hotels map … In the north, the Air Mountains punctuate the Sahara desert in a north-south direction with a series of nine massifs. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}10°00′N 8°00′E / 10.00°N 8.00°E / 10.00; 8.00, Effects of the tropical continental airmass. Latitude: 10º00´ North of the Equator. Its coast lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the south and it borders Lake Chad to the northeast. Several populated cities lie in Nigeria and include Port Harcourt, Warri, Clalbar and Bonny. Two months ago, Political Geography Now published a map of Boko Haram rebel control in Nigeria as the government declared a state of emergency and began a large-scale military intervention. Physical map of Nigeria. It also shares a border with the self-declared, but internationally unrecognized state of Ambazonia in the southeast. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Description: The Physical Map of Nigeria showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, deserts, Ocean, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features. Kano State has sought to incorporate Sharia law into its constitution. The Easterly wave or the African easterly waves is another major contributor of rainfall during the summer monsoons months of May to September in Nigeria. The Niger and the Benue Rivers showed on the map are the major rivers of Nigeria. [10] Nigeria's location in the wetter part of the easterly waves south of the 15 degree line creates wetter climatic conditions for Nigeria especially during the monsoons. Nigeria is a country in West Africa. Nigeria - Nigeria - Climate: Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons, depending on location. 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