Picture list Adad - The mesopotamian Weather God. The god of freshwater existed before any other god. historybean. Inanna also had a sister named Ereshkigal, also known as Irkalla and Allatu who is the Mesopotamian Queen of the Dead, ruler of the underworld. Apsu (Absu, Apason, Apsu-Rishtu) (sweet water ocean) In Near Eastern mythology (Babylonian), primordial god of fresh water, husband of Tiamat, or chaos. … To understand Marduk’s place in Sumerian legend, you need to know where he stands on the family tree. According to legend, these Babylonian … Adapa . There’s literally nothing in this place except water. According to Enūma eliš Anšar and Kišar gave birth to the god Anu (Black and Green 1998: 34), whereas a late lexical list sugges The latter two gave rise to a very important god called Anu (An) who had a son called Ea (Enki). He was represented as a half-fish, half-goat creature. anthropogeny. The “abzu” is simply the Sumerian word for abyss. Tiamat is a Mesopotamian goddess that was the primal embodiment of the salt sea and former wife of Apsu, god of the sweet sea. He was the first god or the begetter who later gave existence to all other gods. Since Marduk is the major God of the Babylonians, this myth then becomes the story of how Babylon came to rule Mesopotamia. If a Mesopotamian god is wounded, his or her godly life force will enable him or her to recover at a superhuman rate. Father of Lahmu, Lahamu, Anshar and Kishar. The god personifying the sweet-water-ocean, slain by Ea during the first war of the gods, and sealed in a sacred chamber where Marduk was born. Anu was known as the father of the 50 great gods, the lord of constellations, the father of the spirits and the demons, the god of heaven. Another important influence for the figure of Tiamat is Anzu, a mythical bird defeated by Ninurta, indeed the battle between Marduk and Tiamat has a number of parallels to the battle between Ninurta and Anzu (Lambert 1986). AMURRU - The Akkadian and Sumerian name for the storm/sky god of the Amorite people (also known as the Amurru) who migrated to the Mesopotamian region c. 2100 BCE. Apsu was unhappy with the way his children were behaving and so was determined to kill them. Mesopotamian Myths. It would take an injury of such magnitude that it incinerates a Mesopotamian god or disperses a major portion of his or her bodily molecules to cause him or her to die. The goddess who created Enkidu from clay after the people of Erech begged her for help after Gilgamesh had become arrogant and tyrannical through lack of challenge. Known as Enki in the Sumerian language, Ea was the Mesopotamian god of water. An, Enlil (or Ellil) and Enki are the “high gods” of Mesopotamia, with jurisdiction respectively over heaven, earth and the watery abyss (the Apsu) under the earth. Tiamat is the Mesopotamian goddess associated with primordial chaos and the salt sea best known from the Babylonian epic Enuma Elish.In all versions of the myth, following the original, Tiamat always symbolizes the forces of chaos, which threaten the order established by the gods, and Marduk (or Ashur in Assyrian versions) is the hero who preserves it. In the city of Eridu, Enki's temple was known as E 2-abzu (house of the deep waters) and was located at the edge of a swamp, an abzu. In Sumerian mythology, he was the god of sky, husband of Nintu (Ki), and the father and ruler of all gods. For example, The Epic of Gilgamesh, which describes the doings of some of the gods, is a notable piece of Mesopotamian literature. Anshar & Kishar—male and female principles, the twin horizons of sky and earth. He is a god of wisdom, farming, building, magic and arts and crafts. Utu, later known as Shamash, is the ancient Mesopotamian god of the Sun, who was also revered as the god of truth, justice, and morality. Apsu, the sweet water, mixes with Tiamat of the salt water. Apsu is a primeval Sumero-Akkadian god, representing the sweet waters underneath the earth (opposite Tiamat, the salt waters of Chaos). He was the patron god of the Sumerian city-state of Nippur and his main center of worship was the Ekur temple located there. In the Babylonian creation epic Enuma Elis Apsu is killed, while sleeping, by ENKI, who establishes his own abode above the deeps. 98 Terms. Anu. He was the son of Nanna and the twin brother of Inanna. He was also one of the triad of deities alongside Enlil and Anu. god of fresh water. Apsu as a Sacred Place. In Sumerian culture. Apsu (Abzu) Apsu was one of the oldest gods along with his wife Tiamat. He was also known as … Apsu - The Babylonian god Apsu is Tiamat’s husband, the ruler of gods and underworld oceans. Ea's symbols are the goat-fish and a sceptre with a ram's head. From a local deity worshiped in the city of Eridu, Ea evolved into a major god, Lord of Apsu (also spelled Abzu), the fresh waters beneath the earth (although Enki means literally “lord of Ea, Mesopotamian god of water and a member of the triad of deities completed by Anu (Sumerian: An) and Enlil. Ea is attended by a god with two faces called Usmu (Isimud). Not a complete listing, but this is the majority of them and their rulerships: Primordial gods: Nammu - mother goddess of creation, fertility, and personification of the Apsu (the freshwater ocean) Tiamat - mother goddess of chaos, creation, dragons, and the saltwater ocean (replaced Nammu in the Akkadian pantheon) Apsu - god personification of fresh water; … Daughter of … Apsu became the home of Ea. The myth starts by describing the ancient landscape of Mesopotamia, thousands of years ago. Flies up t… Story of human creation; usually also answer the question of h… Father of Enlil and Ea in Enuma Elish, Sometimes called An, An… Adapa. At the top, we have the primordial gods Tiamat (the Dragon Mother) and Apsu. Ea appears as a bearded man surrounded by flowing water. He became one of the important gods known as the lords of Abzu or Apsu, the god of fresh water. APSU - The same god as Absu/Abzu. From the lovely super clean fresh water, came a god called Apsu, and from the salty water came a goddess called Tiamat (remember her - she's pretty important). All of the Babylonian gods are descended from this original pair, with an interesting twist. Later myths tell that the sweet and salty waters came together with a third element—possibly cloud—and created the first gods. Derived from the Sumerian ABZU. The waters divided into fresh and salt and the freshwater formed the god Apsu while the saltwater the goddess Tiamat; from their union were born the younger gods. The next generation includes a number of key players. He was responsible for separating his parents Anu (heaven) and Ki (earth) from each other, thus making the world habitable for humans. He was sent to sleep by the god Ea and became the freshwater ocean on which the earth was believed to float. Just these two gods in a planet sized swimming pool. Sin was the god of the Moon. Ashur - The Assyrian national god. Their clamor got loud, throwing Tiamat into a turmoil. He was the son of Anu and was derived from an earlier Sumerian God, Iskur. Apsu merged with his consort, Tiamat and gave birth to … The other is the figure of the sea as a monstrous adversary, like the Levantine god Yamm (see also Jacobsen 1968: 107). “ Kuara, the beloved city which you have chosen in your heart, lives in joy because of you. The primordial beings who represented fresh and salt water, Apsu and Tiamat, were the parents of all the gods, including Anu, god of the sky, Enlil, god of air, and Enki, god of water. He is the chief god of the Great Triad, with Ea and Enlil. At first, he was no more than a local deity, but soon his worship was taken to another level. This is the Babylonian version of a much older Sumerian myth and originally the chief figure of the myth was Enlil, the Sumerian storm god. The grain-goddess. In the Babylonian creation epic Enuma Elis Apsu is killed, while sleeping, by ENKI, who establishes his own abode above the deeps. Aruru Babylonian. ... Apsu - God of underground waters derived from the Sumerian Abzu. Certain tanks of holy water in Babylonian and Assyrian temple courtyards were also called abzu (apsû). Ashnan Sumerian. At first, all was well, but the younger gods became increasingly loud and boisterous, upsetting their parents: The divine brothers came together. Ea is the god of the fresh waters known as 'apsu' on which the Earth floats. The most important temple in Eridu was known as the E-abzu , or “Temple of the Abyss” , which was the cult center of the god Enki . The god of wind, air, earth, and storms, Enlil was one of the chief deities of the Sumerian pantheon. In the Babylonian epic of creation Enuma Elish, Apsu’s nature is described: There was a time when above the heaven was not named Below, the earth bore no name. God name "Apsu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian: God of underground primeval waters. Apsu Babylonian. Ea killed him 12. Derived from the Sumerian ABZU. Apsu, also known as Abzu or Absu, is the Babylonian god of freshwater. Apsu is killed by Enki causing the cosmic confrontation between Marduk and Tiamat. As with most pantheons, the Babylonian gods were headed by two gods, in this case Apsu and Tiamat. Children of either Apsu and Tiamat or Lahmu and Lahamu; Anu (Akkadian) or An (in Sumerian meaning "above" or "heaven")—the Mesopotamian sky god, father, and king of the gods, supreme god of the Sumerian pantheon, and city god of Uruk. Apsu was there from the first, the source of both. Anšar and Kišar (god and goddess) Anšar and Kišar are a pair of primordial gods that, with very few exceptions, only occur in Enūma eli ... 37-59), Anšar and Kišar appear as primordial gods that belong to the eldest generation of the Mesopotamian pantheon. List of Mesopotamian Gods. Anu was child of Ansar and Kisar, the very first pair of gods, and the descendant of primordial beings Apsu and Tiamat. Among their children are Anshar and Kishar, who in turn bore Anu (Great Father of the Sky), Ki (Earth Mother) and Antu (Great Mother of the Sky). There's only so much Mesopotamian Marco Polo you can play before all this water just kind of gets a bit old. When Babylon conquered the rest of Mesopotamia and established the Old Babylonian Empire around 1800 BCE, it became necessary to explain how the local god of Babylon, Marduk, had now become supreme among the gods. Apsu. She was one of the first of two entities to ever exist, the other being her husband, and through their unification, she would birth the first generation of gods. One of four Sumerian creating gods. Mesopotamian creation story. Mesopotamian myths tell that E-babbar - (House of the Judge of the World). Several Mesopotamian gods have been thought to have inhabited the Apsu, together with Enki; his spouse, Damgalnuna; Enki’s minister, Isimud; and various lesser deities.In the Babylonian fable Enuma Elish, Apsu was the identify of a primeval creature of the freshwater that lived earlier than the creation of the world. Son of Tiamat & Apsu and God of fog. Ziusudra, a godly priest-king of the city of Shuruppak, son of the SKL’s Ubartutu, is the Sumerian equivalent of Noah, being warned in a dream that An and Enlil are determined to destroy “the seed of mankind” in a flood. The word 'apsu' sometimes referred to a sacred place in the watery depths, where Apsu the dragon dwelled and later the god Enki resided.. As a place name, apsu was used to refer to the extensive sweet waters that produced the southern Mesopotamian marshlands when it became the home to the wise god Enki and the birthplace of Marduk. Spirit name "Ardat lili" Babylonian: Maids … One of the first human beings in Mesopotamian Myth. The god Amurru is associated with Adad but is a gentler version always depicted with a gazelle and a shepherd's crook or staff and watched over nomads. Temple of the Sun God Shamash. He was the father of the gods. God name "Apsu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian: God of underground primeval waters. Enuma Elish. 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